Agricultural waste is used to produce ethanol

Posted by Marina
India has been adopting ethanol relatively late for blending with transport fuel. Although Brazil was the first country to introduce its national ethanol program to blend ethanol with gasoline in 1975, the US followed suit and demanded a revamped gasoline program under the Clean Air Act in 1990. Currently, 30% of gasoline sold in the US is reformulated.

It was not until 2003 that India entered the race by launching the Ethanol Blended Petrol program. The program seeks to promote the use of alternative and environmentally friendly fuels and reduce the crude oil import bill. However, it was not that no Indian company was involved in ethanol processing, only that there was no opportunity. For example, Praj Industries, an Indian biotechnology company founded in 1983, works with stakeholders in different parts of the world, such as Southeast Asia, South America and Africa.

According to Pramod Chaudhari, founder and CEO of Praj Industries, due to stringent regulations in India, entrepreneurs generally prefer to operate in foreign countries. However, the domestic scenario has changed, creating opportunities.

At home, the Indian government recently allowed the production of ethanol from molasses 'B' extracted directly from sugarcane juice. However, the industry was demanding permission to use sugar and sugar syrup for subsequent fermentation. Keeping the same in mind, the Cabinet Economic Affairs Commission recently allowed the conversion of old sugar into ethanol.

The measure is likely to accelerate the process of reaching the 10% goal of ethanol blending in gasoline by 2022. According to current fuel consumption, around 3,300 million liters of ethanol are needed nationwide except Jammu. and Kashmir, in the north of the country. eastern states and island territories. In April 2019, India's sugar mills contracted to supply 2,370 million liters of ethanol. The average of all India's ethanol-gasoline mix achieved in 2017-18 was 4.22%.

Source: Agrolink